Reducing GHG Emissions With Building to Grid Energy Storage Resources

Challenge Collaboration Key Staff & Support 


Our 2030 Climate Challenge simply turns 20 or less commercial and industrial buildings into Clean Virtual Power Stations (CVP) during the peak hours of 4pm-9pm for the California grid operator (CAISO) to reduce the reliance of expensive GHG producing thermal generators commonly known as gas and coal power plants with less costs for electricity users. 


Most of high population regions of US shows similar patterns of high peak demand during evening hours when over-supplied intermittent solar resources declines.  Energy suppliers use thermal generators, known as gas peakers, to dispatch and mitigate such high demand during evening hours. It has been a nation-wide concern of using energy storage system to replace such thermal energy (P. Denholm et al., "Overgeneration from Solar Energy in California: A Field Guide to the Duck Chart," U.S.National Renewable Energy Laboratory,NREL/TP-6A20-65023, November 2015). 

These peaker plants are also expensive to build and maintain, so there is great need for a solution to reduce our reliance on them. Every year, they produce approximately 5B metric tons of CO2 in the US every year.  We address this problem by creating an aggregated network of building to grid energy storage resources or "clean virtual power stations" (CVP) at business buildings, engineered and designed by MicroNOC. These CVPs act as On Demand Resources that is grid synchronized to replace gas peakers to support grid balancing and reduction of GHG emissions (GHGE).  For every 1MW CVP is used 1,300 CO2 reduced. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) estimates 16.9GWs of Behind-the-Meter Energy Storage Resources in US to be implemented by 2030.  With the full scale of expansion, it is expected to reduce 21.9Million Metric Tons CO2 per year.

Our solution is currently the only available in the market that specifically handles 'imbalance' or 'congested' grid hours direct from the source of consumption, in which we call it, 'On-Demand Resources'. It is like a power switch for the grid to turn off and on 'clean & dirty' energy use for electricity consumers. Inventiv has partnered with MicroNOC Inc. in expanding its work on serving the public with sustainable business development.

MicroNOC is the validated and exclusive winner of PG&E to specifically replace 10MW of gas power plant for GHG reduction on the California ISO grid using behind-the-meter energy storage systems (BTM-ESS) while reducing electricity costs for users and assist on resiliency. They are also CPUC’s SGIP approved developer using BTM-ESS to reduce GHG. CPUC uses OSESMO (Open-Source Energy Storage Model) to validate GHG reduction kg/kWh system dispatch chart.

MicroNOC proprietary solution of energy management system, called AERS, measures every 8 seconds of energy dispatching, presumably during 4-9pm (highest kg/kWh GHGE).  MicroNOC AERS counts every kWh from energy storage resources and quantify GHG reduction accordingly.  kWh data collected from the energy management system will be further calibrated with the utility metered data which are often interfaced by Green Button.  For dispatching capability, Li-battery of energy storage system reacts 200 mseconds while gas peakers takes more than 20 seconds before delivered to grid destination.  MicroNOC has implemented 15MWh of AERS management system and energy storage system at commercial and industrial buildings.

Validated, Verified, Approved GHGE Reduction

Bao Tran

30+ years of experience in management consulting and intellectual property portfolio design and build-out. Patent Attorney since 1987, built up Invisalign® and Shutterfly® patent portfolios. Holds JD from University of Houston Law Center, MBA from Columbia University, and BS in Electrical Engineering from Rice University.

JK Kim

30+ years of entrepreneurial CEO experience in semiconductor specialized in image sensors, optical devices, high frequency devices with 12 of those years in new energy industries affiliated with Fraunhofer Institute Germany, Utilities and Grid Balancing Authority ESS Management Systems worldwide. Holds BS in Chemistry from Berkeley and MS from USF.

Ting Chang

20+ years of broad experience in assisting and providing strategic and operations leadership in uniquely challenging situations with 10 of those years in alternative energy and ESS grid solutions. She is a phenomenal visionary in marketing strategies, creatives, and market acquisition. Studied Business Admin, Management, and Marketing at Cal State Fullerton and University of Phoenix. 


MicroNOC CVP solution is engineered and designed to mitigate the grid imbalance directly at the user's buildings allowing energy consumers to participate in the reduction of GHGE by simply accpets to spend less for electricity. The business model of MicroNOC does not require business consumers to purchase, lease, and/or change their business operations to help mitigate GHGE, thus eliminating uncertainty of results. It also does not require users to understand the complexity of the industry. A simple one-time registration fee of their current utility account with MicroNOC will initiate CVP's 25% electricity rate savings value for business building users and GHGE reduction benefit. This reward service model increases participation from users, investors, utilities, grid operators, and regulatory organizations.













Lowering electricity bill is an ultimate goal for everyone.  One of the major tasks of GHG reduction program is to attract more participants and stakeholders to share profits of economy.  Our CVP provides optimized energy storage resources not only for technology but also for monetary benefits for participants/stakeholders.  Building-to-Grid configuration of CVP saves energy consumer's bill by removing most expensive rates of energy during peak hours, and delivers clean energy resources to the Grid so that utilities can save their costs by delivering expensive thermal energy resources during the peak hours.  In addition, Grid operator (ISO) and utilities can defer their expenses associated with upgrading transmission and distribution lines.  Consequently, CVP provides win-win solution for consumers, utilities and grid operators while reducing GHG.  Our 4th generation technology enables robust communications and data signal interface of energy resources, leading to widespread highly-scalable consumer participation in reducing GHG emission.

Each building will have at least one site controller connected with each CVP components (PCS, Battery System), a sub-meter measuring load, and a system performance meter measuring system that also provides reports independently to CPUC's SGIP program administrator measuring GHGE reduction from system. MicroNOC's energy management system AERS at its network operating center (NOC) collects data every 8 seconds of CVP.

MicroNOC AERS is grid synchronized energy management system that performs two main function, measuring, manage and operate CVP at each building for utility peak rate balancing,  and simultaneously aggregate all CVP into a energy pool of On-Demand Resource availability for grid balancing of peak demand to reduce reliance on GHGE generators during the hours spiking peak hours.  

MicroNOC's internal measurements are calibrated closely with utility and grid telemetry and metering as well as incorporation of most updated authorized platforms and its data provided by entities such as EIA, DOE, OSESMO, NREL, Green Button. Moving forward with new FERC Order 841, we envision aside from our internal and independent result measurement reporting to CPUC and CAISO, MicroNOC will also incorporate new telemetry requirements from FERC. US DOE and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC Order 841) have recently allowed battery energy storage systems as an alternative to ‘gas peakers’ to accommodate grid imbalance of supply and demand of nationwide grid operation using innovative solutions from behind-the-meter resources.  

CVP result measurement telemetry certifications has been validated and approved by CPUC when PG&E exclusively selected MicroNOC for its first BTM-ESS to perform building to grid solution as alternative to its gas generator, and Inventiv is leveraging MicroNOC's technology to scale up the GHGE reduction through this project.